Bouzouki is one of the indispensable instruments of contemporary Greek music and is a long-necked musical instrument. We can liken Bouzouki to Turkish reeds as a structure. Bouzouki, which the Irish have recently included frequently in their traditional music, was originally 6 strings bouzouki. However, musicians generally prefer 8 strings Bouzoukiyi (tuned as CFAD). In Ireland, Bouzouki was tuned as GDAE or GDAD. Bouzouki is now flat-backed, similar to the octave mandola. The difference between Octave mandola and Bouzouki is that Bouzouki has a longer scale. The long scale can cause problems with fingering, and the sound will automatically be affected by the long scale because the strings are thinner.
It is his Turkish roots that brought Bouzouki to Greece and ensured its development. Bouzouki is from the Lute family but is a different member of this family. Greek Bouzouki was 6 strings Bouzouki from when it was first designed and tuned as D-A-D. Then 8 strings Bouzouki appeared, bringing a different dimension to the music.
In ancient times, Bouzouki's name was Pandoura, and this instrument had a round belly. The biggest reason for people's interest in Bouzouki is that the verses are limited, but the resulting music is unique and does not end! Bouzouki has a history even earlier than the Middle East and Asia until Helen's time.
As for the closing period to the present day, Bouzouki derives from the Turkish word "Broken". It would not be wrong to say that Bouzouki is close friends with Turkish saz and Asian tanbur. Bouzouki's introducers are migrants who emigrated to Greece from Asia Minor and Turkey in the early 1900s.
Today, bouzouki is played by musicians with picks. But in the past, it has been used as the wood of a cherry tree or as a feather pick. Unique Bouzouki experiences have also emerged with picks used in different ways!
Types of Bouzouki
The bouzouki is one of the main instruments of Contemporary Greek music. It's a mix of guitar and bass. Therefore, it is not a very balanced instrument. The guitar and baglama mix features the fretboard, the baglama strings, and the guitar fretboard.
The history of bouzouki is not very old. Rebets, who migrated from Turkey with the population exchange, took with them instruments such as baglama, oud, and violin, and over time, baglama changed its shape, a new instrument similar to the mandolin and guitar emerged. The bouzouki, which was previously 6-stringed, became 8-stringed with the addition of two strings over time. While popularized Greek music, the bouzouki instrument was also known and loved by the public.
The bouzouki types are as follows:
- Greek bouzouki are divided into 6 strings rebetiko bouzouki and 8 strings laiko bouzouki.
- The morphology of the bouzouki, which is also frequently used in Irish music, is quite different from the others.
The most significant issue in bouzouki lessons is to obtain the specific sound of the bouzouki. The grip of the pick and the position of the wrist has a major role in the production of the desired sound. The quality, brand, and frequent replacement of strings are significant factors affecting the bouzouki sound.