What is an Uzbek Doyra and How is It Different From Other Drums?

The doyra musical instrument is considered one of the oldest percussion instruments and is used in ritual ceremonies by the Uzbek people. The doyra musical instrument belongs to the group of percussion instruments.


What is an Uzbek Doyra

The Uzbek Doyra musical instrument is considered one of the oldest percussion instruments. The doyra drum of Uzbekistan is a traditional musical instrument that can be found in Central Asia. Terracotta monuments found in Central Asia (the city of Nisa, 2nd century BC) depict round women. It is a musical instrument used by Tajik, Uighur, and other eastern peoples. It is a musical instrument used in the ritual ceremonies of the Uzbek people. There are several different versions of this musical instrument in each country. And there are minor differences between them. Some countries call it duff, riq, ghaval, etc., giving it various names. A similar example in Turkey is the "Def" musical instrument. The Uzbek Doyra is one of the most important instruments used in musical performances in Uzbekistan. It was originally played by women at weddings, but by the end of the 18th century, men became the dominant players, and the doyra became a smaller and heavier instrument used for dances. The Uzbek Doyra instrument can even be used as a solo instrument today.


How to Play Uzbek Doyra

The Uzbek Doyra musical instrument has a high-pitched tuning system with metal rings. To play the Doyra musical instrument, you hold the edge of the drum with one hand and hit it with both hands using your fingers. They usually tie a piece of string that can be placed around the thumb to help hold the dorara.


Feautures of Uzbek Doyra

It is known that the frame part is made of apricot and walnut wood. The outer side of the collar is covered with the tanned skin of a calf, horse, or goat. Inside, there are metal rings similar to those on a tambourine. These rings contribute to the music being played. There are also ringless types of circles. The diameter of the flange is 400–510 mm. In a circle, the sound is made using the fingers of both hands.

It is used as an accompaniment in solo performances and in various national musical ensembles. The rhythm units (naqras) used in playing the circle are written in ancient sources. The circle method usually consists of two different strokes. Someone look (baka, bako, bakka, bakko). "Chatter" is the sound it makes when it hits near the edge of a circle. The second shot is an explosion. To move the boom, the fingers are extended and tapped in the middle of the circle.


Azeri Dayereh vs Uzbek Doira

The most obvious difference between these musical instruments, which are very similar to each other in terms of construction and shape; Azeri Dayereh's voice is much deeper when compared to Uzbek Doira.


Bendir vs Uzbek Doira

Bendir is a large single-headed frame drum. The head is made of a skin stretched over a flat wooden hoop with 60 cm diameter at most. The diameter of the Uzbek Doira is 40 cm.



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