For many people music is the most important thing in their life. Being a "real" musician is more than performing. Your instruments should become an extension of your physical body. You need to know it inside out. Experimenting your instrument starts with the basics like understanding the model, how it was made and its history. So if you are planning to buy a Santur, it is wise you know at least basic anatomy of it. This will be a good help when you make your decision.
There are various points that need to be considered before your purchase. Starting with the main subjects like history of the instrument might help you understand it more..
What is a Santoor?
The santur, sadouri or santoor is a string instrument whose trapezoid body is made of hardwood. It consists of 72 metallic strings grouped in sets of four. The strings are stretched over wooden bridges which are sits on the sound board. The material used in the body and bridges should be solid wood such as walnut or rosewood. It normally has two sound holes and nine bridges. Santur’s tuning pins quite resemble to the harp.
As a musical instrument, santur was invented in the Middle East. As the the passed, each country in the East has changed and developed their uniqe model. Every country has a new version of santur that suits their musical tunes and chords. In these days, there are several adaptations from all over the world besides Indian, Chinese and Persian models.
What are the different types of Santoor?
Santur models can vary depending on its origin, its tone or special preferences of popular makers. There are two different styles of Iranian santoor based on the bridge numbers.
Nine kharak santoor has eighteen bridges, nine bridges on each side. It is the most common Iranian model and has 27 notes to play. Twelve kharak santoor is similar but it has twenty four bridges and this gives it a wider range from E’ to A'.
An Indian santur has some limitations based on its shape. Some parts of the instrument can only be played in a specific octave. This could cause some differentiation of the mode. The player cannot be play the same basic melodic patterns in different octaves and it creates some limitations on complex musical pieces.
To be able to beat this limitation you could choose an Iranian Kharak Santoor with 12 bridges. This model is not very common, but it has its own fans. Twelve Kharak Santoor has a little bigger range and this helps a smooth transposing for non-diatonic notes. It allows players to work better on modes and performs a right tune.
Do I need a case for my Santoor?
Case of a santur is a hard cover to protect your instrument from any unexpected damage. It is padded with a soft protective material and keeps santur’s soundboard safe against shock. It also keeps the strings from damaging or any moist that could effect it when you travel. Stringed instruments are easily effected by moist so using a case is important for protecting your santur from humid climates.
Remember, you can easily find a variety of santur models and quality santur cases to protect your instrument in our catalogue at the best value.