Main Persian String Instruments

Every country has its values and art. Different tastes of people play a role in the basis of this artistic difference. When we say Persian music, we know the rhythms. Because the music culture of every nation has been transferred from generation to generation over the years.


Since the origin of the music we call Iranian music is based on the Persian empire, it would not be wrong to say Persian music. In parallel with the developments in the 20th century, social changes have begun at every level of society. Persians started to play new Persian instruments by developing their musical culture. There are many types of Persian string instruments. So what are these types of Persian string instruments? You can continue reading our article to learn about the Persian string ages.


About Persian String Instruments


Persian string musical instruments are ethnically diverse. Iran has various musical instruments. Today, nations in different parts of Iran make and use musical instruments that differ in their construction and sound themes.


Various instruments are found in Iran's regions, thanks to their lifestyle and accessible facilities. Although some Iranian instruments were introduced, traditional musical instruments influenced and inspired many people. Most string instruments have a vocal range of 2.5 octaves. The performance of these instruments is higher and faster than the human voice.


What are The Persian String Instruments?

There are many Persian string musical instruments. These are as follows:



 It is three or four millimeters thick, made of a layer of wood mulberry that allows the sound to come out. It has holes that provide different sounds to come out. The drum has four strings and fourteen chromatic frets.



The setar, a Persian musical instrument, has 25-26 frets on its keyboard. Setar is produced from mulberry wood, below normal conditions, its length is 85x20 cm. Setar is a sensitive musical instrument. 



 Santour has 72 strings. The high number of strings indicates that the santour is a versatile Iranian musical instrument. 



The Iranian kamancheh is played with a single-stringed bow and has four metal strings. In shape, it resembles a wooden hemisphere with a long handle. Usually, the wooden hemisphere is involved with a sheepskin membrane. 



It is a stringed and plectrum instrument. Tar is a folk instrument played in various Central Asian and Caucasian countries, especially in Azerbaijan, Iran, and Turkey, especially in Kars, Iğdır.



Dotar is popular in Iran and Central Asia. It is almost identified with Persian, Uyghur, Uzbek, and Turkmens.


Common Features of Persian String Instruments


Persian string instruments are made of hardwood and consist of a bundle of horsetails stretched between the two ends of a slightly bent stick. Arrow; It is played from the bottom up by holding it with the right hand. Also, this lower head is called the heel, and the upper one is called the 'tip' or 'top'. The lengths of the springs vary between 70 and 75 cm.


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