Main Persian Drum Instruments


Every country has different values. Societies are shaped according to cultural values and artistic activities. Based on creative differences, people's different tastes play a role. Persian music also has various melodies. Persian drum instruments also have their unique songs.

Since the origin of the music we call Iranian music is based on the Persian empire, it would not be wrong to say Persian music. In parallel with the developments in the 20th century, there have been social changes at every level of society. Persians started to play new Persian instruments by developing their musical culture. There are many types of Persian drum instruments. So what are these types of Persian drum instruments? You can continue reading our article to learn about the Persian drum instruments.

About Persian Drum Instruments


There are three main types of Persian drum instruments. These are as follows:

1- Daf

2- Tombak

3- Azeri Dayereh

What Are The Persian Drum İnstruments?


1- Daf

The daf is a classical Persian drum instrument. This musical instrument, whose history dates back to ancient times, was used not only by Turks but also by other nations. During the excavations carried out while investigating the Mesopotamian civilization, figures with a daf in their hands were also unearthed. Daf also has several features. The width of the pulley can vary between 4 and 6 centimeters. 

2- Tombak

Tombak is considered the drum instrument of Persian music. The tombac is positioned diagonally across the body, while the player uses one or more fingers, usually near the edge of the drum head. Tombak virtuosos perform solos that last ten minutes or more.

3- Azeri Dayereh

The Azeri Dayereh is a medium-sized Persian drum instrument. It is used in Iran, Afghanistan, Bukhara Jews, Azerbaijan, the Caucasus, the Balkans, and many Central Asian countries such as Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The simple drum is created by attaching a leather cover to a wooden ring with glue and fabric ties.

Common Features Of Persian Drum İnstruments


Persian drum instruments are played by hand or with a mallet. Drum instruments, which have been used since ancient times, are generally made of animal skins. There are also percussion instruments in which the sound is produced through metals. It is not possible to deal with all musical instruments as it is a very diverse instrument group. Because some musical instruments are not used much and only exist in small-scale tribes.

Persian drum instruments come in a wide variety and ethnic diversity. Iran has various musical instruments. Today, nations in different parts of Iran make and use musical instruments that differ in their construction and sound themes.

Thanks to their lifestyle and accessible facilities, Iran's regions have a type of musical features and instruments. Although some Persian instruments were introduced over time, traditional musical instruments influenced and inspired many countries.

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